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Agricultural Engineering – Eligibility criteria, Career scope

Agriculture is unquestionably the foundation of the Indian economy. Due to its fertile topography and soils, the nation is a farmer's land with plenty of prospects for Agriculture farming. The government has created plans to boost agriculture and the technologies related to it more recently.

As a result, agriculture engineering has grown into a distinct field of study. Graduates of agriculture engineering programs are essential to society because they use technology and mechanization to meet the nation's needs for agricultural production. They work on improving the caliber of distribution and manufacturing procedures for agricultural goods. Professionals in the agricultural industries can choose from a wide variety of employment rolls and operate in a variety of organizations and divisions.

What is Agricultural Engineering?

Agricultural engineers are interested in all forms of farming-related activity. These activities range from farming on dry land and biology to aquaculture (breeding, producing, and harvesting fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants).

When it comes to the profession of agricultural engineers, their activities also include creating biofuels and figuring out better ways to prepare food. With the aid of software (CAD) technology, agricultural engineers design agricultural machinery and parts.

To ensure that it functions properly, they examine various types of instruments and agricultural machinery. Developing food processing facilities and overseeing production activities are also crucial aspects of an agricultural engineer's work. Environmental and land restoration in agriculture and related businesses is set up and overseen by agricultural engineers.

If you plan to take this course as a job, there are also a few skills you must possess. a strong analytical ability to comprehend the many interrelationships between crops, animals, machines, tools, and many other systems.

  • Subtle knowledge of science

  • Technology

  • Advanced mathematical skills

  • Should ingeniously employ the agrarian engineering method

Educational Requirements & Selection:

  • 10+2 or an equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and ideally Biology is the minimum requirement for BE/B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering.

  • A four-year bachelor's degree in agricultural engineering is required.

  • In addition to having the necessary academic credentials, candidates must take the entrance exam held at the State, National, or University levels.

  • An All-India Examination is held by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, to determine admission to agricultural institutions across the nation for B.Tech. programs.

  • The other two admission exams recognized by several institutions are the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) run by IIT and the All-India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE).

  • Other than these, any State or institution may hold its own entrance test. A few examples include the State Entrance Examination held by the Uttar Pradesh Technical University (SEE UPTU), the EAMCET administered by Andhra Pradesh, the KCET administered by Karnataka, etc.

Scope of Agricultural Engineering

Deserving applicants who complete the B Tech Agriculture Engineering program successfully will have a wealth of potential. After completing the course, candidates will have the necessary knowledge, abilities, and guidelines to select the appropriate vocation.

Sadly, due to a lack of suitable instruction and supervision, many people are unaware of the importance of this course. The course has a strong emphasis on employment, particularly in India where agriculture is vital to the nation's economy. Professionals with technological expertise are constantly in demand.

Here is a list of the positions that are open to candidates for a B. Tech. in agriculture engineering:

1. Engineer for Food Safety Applications:

An application engineer for food safety provides technical oversight for the operations and output at poultry farms. He also works with food product packaging. The use of storage systems and manufacturing procedures are examined by a food safety engineer, who also makes sure that the edible products are produced and packed in a hygienic atmosphere.

Graduates of agricultural engineering who want to work as engineers in food production facilities or other related industries can apply for the position of Food Safety Applications Engineer being offered by various organizations.

2. Forester and conservation scientist:

A conservation scientist and forester are a specialist who oversees the management of natural resources, maintains the standard of parks, and makes sure that forests are conserved. The position of greenhouse manager, who oversees the breeding and hybridization of plants and crops, is an alternative. Analysis of crop nutrition, pest management, seed and crop production, and sustainable production are among the other job duties.

3. Agriculture Research Scientist:

Engineering graduates can get employment as agriculture research scientists in a variety of organizations. To boost the productivity of agricultural products, agricultural researchers have a responsibility to perform tests and activities. He or she is in charge of making use of the resources and modifying the production and manufacturing processes.

To address the ever-increasing demand and needs of people, there is a strong need for agriculture research scientists nowadays. Graduates from agricultural engineering programs that are passionate about conducting research can succeed as agricultural scientists.

4. Engineer in Agriculture and Irrigation:

When developing and building machinery to safeguard crops from unfavorable climatic conditions and environmental changes, agriculture and irrigation engineers are essential players. He/she takes care of things like draining systems, the availability of dams, and adequate water supply for agriculture. Candidates with an agricultural engineering degree might work for the state government as an agriculture and irrigation engineer.

5. Lecturer/Professor:

Graduates of agriculture engineering programs can find employment as professors or lecturers in public or private colleges and universities. Candidates who pursue higher education after taking a B Tech course have more opportunities.

6. Soil and Plant Scientist:

Soil and plant scientists can be hired if candidates have an engineering degree analyzing in agriculture. He or she is actively involved in analyzing the soil's texture and nutritional value for agricultural activities. Candidates with a strong interest in plants and abundant plant biodiversity should consider this position. Agricultural engineering has a lot of potential in India because of its agricultural economy. The world's largest and most crucial industry for the survival of the continuously expanding population is agriculture. Agriculture engineering is now necessary in India due to rising environmental concerns and the need for biotechnology developments.

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