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Chemical engineering- education requirement and career options

Have you ever attempted to tell a Chemistry joke but got no reaction? Even chemistry has the potential to be a lot of FUN (Fluorine, Uranium, and Nitrogen) when the appropriate elements are combined.

Chemical engineering is the ideal career for you if you enjoy chemistry and are familiar with the references above. Chemical engineering is the discipline that explains how to transform

unprocessed materials into goods that people can utilize, such as energy, clothing, food, etc., while also managing resources and protecting the environment for coming generations.


The goal of chemical engineering is to create ground-breaking technology that will improve human life through more affordable, sustainable solutions. The chances for growth and advancement in the field of chemical engineering are abundant.

What is Chemical Engineering?

Chemical engineering is a multidisciplinary field of engineering that integrates the natural and experimental sciences (such as chemistry and physics), the life sciences (such as biochemistry, biology, and microbiology), math, and economics in order to design, develop, produce, alter, transport, manage, and operate the manufacturing processes that transform raw materials into useful products.


The creation and fabrication of products using chemical processes is a function of chemical engineering. In order to refine raw materials, compound chemicals, and process chemicals, one must create the necessary tools, systems, and processes.

Chemical engineers transform raw materials into useful goods like food, clothing, and energy. They are sometimes referred to as "universal engineers" due to the broad scope of their field.


Their job is centered on processes and products; they create the procedures that result in products. They may concentrate on creating new processes or refining the ones that already exist.

Additionally, they are active in environmental preservation, health and safety, and resource management. They convert lab-developed procedures into practical uses in the manufacture of goods for sale. They mostly rely on physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology.

Large-scale production facilities frequently use chemical engineering to simultaneously boost productivity and product quality.


Chemical Engineering


Chemical Engineering:


Educational Prerequisites:

The following educational prerequisites are required of students interested in pursuing chemical engineering:

  • You must be able to pass the Class XII board exams, or a test of comparable difficulty, with the prerequisite subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Math. IITs, NITs, and GFTIs need candidates to have an average of at least 75%.

  • You must pass the NTA JEE Mains exam in order to get admitted to NITs, CFTIs, and other engineering institutes. One must moreover be JEE Advanced eligible to attend IITs.

  • For enrolment in a chemical engineering degree program, scores on a variety of state-joint entrance exams are also taken into account.

  • To pursue a master's degree in chemical engineering, you must be GATE certified (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering).


chemical engineering


Career options after Chemical Engineering:

In this profession, there are numerous good employment prospects. Five of the most sought-after employment categories for chemical engineers are covered in this blog.

1. Chemical Engineer:

Despite being the most obvious option, chemical engineering jobs in this field are among the most in-demand. You have to transform raw materials into their useable equivalents as a chemical engineer.


With a focus on utilizing raw materials (such as oil) and changing their chemical state to create products for usage by the general population, you will be leading the charge during the product development and design phases (like plastic).


Job categories for chemical engineers include:


You will gain abilities as a chemical engineer to work in the following industries:

  • Energy

  • Pharmaceuticals

  • Gas and Oil

  • Beverages

Prospects for Salary:-


Chemical engineers are entitled to a competitive compensation package, as was previously stated. Their monthly pay might range from 50,000 to 89,000 rupees. Their annual salary, in contrast, can range from 9 to 10 lakhs.


2. Nuclear Engineer:

As a nuclear engineer, your job will be to collaborate with a group of highly skilled chemical engineers to manage, operate, and design the operation of a nuclear power plant. The roles vary, but are typically divided into creating entirely new systems, managing those that already exist, or optimizing those that already exist to increase the sustainability of the nuclear power plant.

Jobs available to nuclear engineers include:

Within the nuclear power plant, one may work in the following positions:

  • Manager of safety and health

  • A reactor operator

  • Plant's project manager

  • Plant's quality engineer

Prospects for Salary -

Within the scope of their duties, nuclear engineers are expected to take some significant risks. Since managing nuclear reactors is a difficult job, they receive good pay for it. In India, a nuclear engineer may expect to make between 85,000 and 86,000 rupees per month on average.

3. Energy Engineer:

Today's world is plagued by fossil fuels. Energy engineers are becoming more and more necessary in this area. Your primary responsibility as an energy engineer will be to oversee energy production from the extraction stage through to the processing stage of natural resources like oil and gas.

Along with this, you will also be expected to use your skills in creating clean, renewable energy sources like hydropower, wind, and even solar energy, are currently on the rise in India, due to the increased global demand.

Jobs for energy engineers include:

You will be able to work in the following areas while being in charge of figuring out how to obtain fresh, clean, and efficient energy from natural resources:

  • Analysis of clean and renewable energy sources

  • Testing and designing machines

  • Developing a better method for obtaining energy

  • Using energy manipulation to provide electricity

Prospects for Salary -

While the starting compensation for an energy engineer is roughly 18,000 rupees per month, as you advance into more important jobs within the company, you should expect it to climb quickly. The typical pay for energy engineers in India indicates that this income may reach six lakhs per year.


4. Product and Process Development Engineers:

Scientists working on product and process development are expected to contribute at a level where their duties include simplifying a product's production or manufacturing process to make it more productive and cost-effective.

Job categories for product development scientists include: Although there are countless areas you can work in (product and process scientists are needed in everything from healthcare to aviation), there are only two possible career paths:

  • Process Scientist: Someone who oversees the simplification of processes that result in the innovation or creation of products, as well as the streamlining of the innovation process, which calls for a high-quality, mass-producible product.


  • Product Scientist: A product scientist is someone who works on product development and collaborates with a team to find new scientific discoveries.

Prospects for Salary:-

The pay for a product/process development engineer varies depending on the kind of product or process you are in charge of, but the annual income range for one is often between 3 and 13 lakhs.

5. Petroleum Engineers:

The global economy depends heavily on petroleum. Therefore, it only makes logical that the engineers who are responsible for the extraction and manufacture of this priceless commodity act as the process's skeleton.

A petroleum engineer may be in charge of all phases of oil extraction, including evaluation, development, and gasoline production. They are also entrusted with identifying newer, cleaner drilling techniques and fixing problems with the petroleum plant's operations.

Job categories for petroleum engineers include:

Petroleum engineers work on every stage of a petroleum plant, from analysis to production, as was already indicated. As a result, there are various fields you can work in:

  • Experts in reservoirs

  • An oil and gas geologist

  • Drill specialists

  • Production specialists

Prospects for Salary-

Because petroleum is essential to the world economy, people in charge of its extraction are well rewarded. A petroleum engineer can earn an average annual salary of between 7 lakhs and 23 lakhs. These figures are averages, though, and salaries can vary depending on the duties you choose to take on at a petroleum company.


There are numerous options for professions in chemical engineering. Along with the obvious alternatives, there are numerous more areas you can work in, including the public sector, consulting firms, and private companies.

As soon as you get the required degree, you can start applying for entry-level roles and eventually move up to more senior ones. You can learn the skills necessary for promotions by working in a structured environment.

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