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UPSC Civil Service Examination- exam pattern, benefits and eligibility criteria

If social contribution and power to rule are your forte, UPSC shall be your first preference when it comes to Competitive Examination. The UPSC civil services examination is one of the nation's most challenging examinations. This perception of the UPSC is influenced by a variety of circumstances.


First of all, the exam is challenging because it covers a broad range of material. Second, there is the fierce rivalry. Only approximately a thousand individuals are ultimately chosen for the services out of the lakhs that take the preliminary exam. And to make matters worse, it appears that the level of competitiveness is rising yearly.

After graduation, a lot of students choose to work in the civil service, which provides them with a demanding and tough profession with exciting chances. According to a recent survey, more than 70% of respondents said that being an IAS officer was their ideal career. And we are not shocked.


It allows you the chance to rise to positions of influence while still having the compassion necessary to serve the nation. For this reason, an increasing number of students are choosing the IAS as their ideal occupation.

What is Civil Services Examination?


The Union Public Service Commission holds the Civil Services Examination (CSE), a national competitive exam in India, to select candidates for higher civil service positions with the Indian Government, such as those in the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service. It is known simply as the UPSC examination.



UPSC Civil Service Examination


Civil Service Examination Exam Patterns:

This exam is administered in three stages:

i) A preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II, also known as the Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT), and

ii) The main examination consists of nine conventional (essay) papers, of which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted (interview).

The entire procedure takes about a year, and the successful candidate is required to sit for 32 hours of testing.

Eligibility Criteria for taking UPSC Exam:

Nationality –

  • For the Indian Foreign Service, the Indian Police Service, and the Indian Administrative Service

  • The candidate must be an Indian national.

  • The applicant must fit one of the following qualifications for additional services:

a) a citizen of India.

b) a Bhutanese subject or a citizen of Nepal

 c) a Tibetan refugee who made a permanent home in India prior to January 1, 1962

 d) a person of Indian descent who moved to India with the purpose of staying there permanently from countries such as Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, or Vietnam.

Educational Background:

Each applicant must hold at least one of the following academic credentials:

  • a university degree from a central, state, or deemed university

  • a diploma from correspondence or distant learning

  • an open university degree

  • a degree that the Indian government has deemed to be equivalent to one of the above

Age Eligibility criteria:

  • On August 1 of the examination year, the candidate must be at least 21 years old and, for candidates in the General category, not more than 32 years old. Different age restrictions apply to caste reservations.

  • For OBCs (other backward castes), the maximum age is 35.

  • For Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes, the age limit is 37.

  • The maximum is 40 years for military personnel who become incapacitated while performing missions during conflicts.

Number of attempts:

The following table lists the number of times a candidate may appear for the exam.

  • General category candidates – 6

  • OBC category candidates – 9

  • SC/ST applicants are allowed an unlimited number of attempts up until age 37

It counts as an attempt to appear to attempt one of the preliminary examination papers in order to disqualify/cancel your candidacy. Application for the exam but non-attendance does not constitute an effort, nevertheless.



UPSC Civil service examination

Things that make UPSC a great career choice


1. Social contribution:

If your life's work is to alter the course of the world, then this career is unquestionably for you. You have a lot of ability to develop and put into effect policies that will benefit the populace if you are an IAS officer. You can effectively influence policymaking and take action against undesirable and bad acts in the nation.

2. Job Safety:

You cannot easily be fired if you pass your exams and are elected to the job of an IAS official unless there is a serious emergency. According to reports, many IAS officers retire at the age of 60, with the option of an extension.

3. Self-satisfaction:

Those who work in this sector receive training to become the ideal of perfection, discipline, and patience. Being an IAS officer would provide you the tremendous joy of being able to contribute to society if you possess attributes such as good communication skills, time management, analytical ability, focused and innovative decision-making, and so forth.

4. Prestige and Power:

Students desire to choose a profession in which they will be respected and have complete control over their own lives. The nation as a whole continues to value and respect the position of an IAS official, and this esteem is unequaled. This is among the main arguments in favour of IAS as a noble profession.

5. Excellent pay balance:

IAS officials are paid generously, and they also receive additional medical benefits and other perks, making this a very lucrative career.


UPSC Civil Service Examination

Being self-assured and staying motivated are the two things that separate success from failure during UPSC preparation. You will pass this exam if you have confidence in yourself, or as Henry Ford famously stated, "Whether you think you can, or you think you can't, you are right." Good Luck!

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